A religious text in Colonial Valley Zapotec.
The Doctrina is a religious text published in 1567. It was written by Pedro de Feria, a Spanish friar in the Dominican order, but prepared with the help of native speakers of Zapotec. Unfortunately, little is known about these speakers, for instance, what variety of Zapotec they spoke or where they lived. The Doctrina is comprised of 233 pages, each with a column of Spanish text on the left and Zapotec on the right. The subject matter of the Doctrina is an explanation of Catholic doctrine. Because it contains long passages of text that span more topics than many of the handwritten documents, it is a valuable source for knowledge of Zapotec syntax and semantics. It also gives insight into Spanish religious beliefs at the time.
Images courtesy of John Carter Brown Library and archive.org.